NUMBERS AND ARITHMETICS

 

CARDINAL NUMBERS

 

HATA/ZERO

0

MONTSI

1

MBILI

2

NDRARU

3

NNE

4

TSANU

5

SITA/NDRADARU

6

SABA/MFUKARE

7

NANE

8

SHENDA

9

KUME

10

KUME NA MWEDJA

11

KUME NA MBILI

12

KUME NA NDRARU

13

KUME NA NNE

14

KUME NA NSTANU

15

KUME NA SITA

16

KUME NA MFUKARE

17

KUME NA NANE

18

KUME NA SHENDA

19

YISHIRINI (MENGOMILI)

20

YISHIRINI (MENGOMILI) NA MWEDJA

21

YISHIRINI (MENGOMILI) NA MBILI

22

YISHIRINI (MENGOMILI) NA NDRARU

23

YISHIRINI (MENGOMILI) NA NNE

24

YISHIRINI (MENGOMILI) NA NTSANU

25

YISHIRINI (MENGOMILI) NA SITA (NDRADARU)

26

YISHIRINI (MENGOMILI) NA MFUKARE

27

YISHIRINI (MENGOMILI) NA NANE

28

YISHIRINI (MENGOMILI) NA SHENDA

29

MENGO MIRARU

30

 

 

MENGO MIRARU NA MWEDJA

31

MENGO MIRARU NA MBILI

32

MENGO MIRARU NA NDRARU

33

MENGO MIRARU NA NNE

34

MENGO MIRARU NA TSANU

35

MENGO MIRARU NA SITA/NDRADARU

36

MENGO MIRARU NA SABA/MFUKARE

37

MENGO MIRARU NA NANE

38

MENGO MIRARU NA SHENDA

39

MENGO MINE (ARBAINI)

40

MENGO MINE (ARBAINI) NA MWEDJA

41

MENGO MINE (ARBAINI) NA MBILI

42

MENGO MINE (ARBAINI) NA NDRARU

43

MENGO MINE (ARBAINI)  NA NNE

44

MENGO MINE (ARBAINI) NA TSANU

45

MENGO MINE (ARBAINI) NA SITA/NDRADARU

46

MENGO MINE (ARBAINI) NA SABA/MFUKARE

47

MENGO MINE (ARBAINI) NA NANE

48

MENGO MINE (ARBAINI) NA SHENDA

49

MENGO MITSANU (KHAMSINI)

50

MENGO MITSANU (KHAMSINI) NA MWEDJA

51

MENGO MITSANU (KHAMSINI)  NA MBILI

52

MENGO MITSANU (KHAMSINI) NA NDRARU

53

MENGO MITSANU (KHAMSINI) NA NNE

54

MENGO MITSANU (KHAMSINI) NA TSANU

55

MENGO MITSANU (KHAMSINI) NA SITA/NDRADARU

56

MENGO MITSANU (KHAMSINI) NA SABA/MFUKARE

57

MENGO MITSANU (KHAMSINI) NA NANE

58

MENGO MITSANU (KHAMSINI) NA SHENDA

59

MENGO MIRANDARU (SITINI)

60

MENGO MIRANDARU (SITINI) NA MWEDJA

61

MENGO MIRANDARU (SITINI) NA MBILI

62

MENGO MIRANDARU (SITINI) NA NDRARU

63

MENGO MIRANDARU (SITINI) NA NNE

64

MENGO MIRANDARU (SITINI) NA TSANU

65

MENGO MIRANDARU (SITINI) NA SITA/NDRADARU

66

MENGO MIRANDARU (SITINI) NA SABA/MFUKARE

67

MENGO MIRANDARU (SITINI) NA NANE

68

MENGO MIRANDARU (SITINI) NA SHENDA

69

MENGO MFUKARE (SAB'INI)

70

MENGO MFUKARE (SAB'INI) NA MWEDJA

71

MENGO MFUKARE (SAB'INI) NA MBILI

72

MENGO MFUKARE (SAB'INI) NA NDRARU

73

MENGO MFUKARE (SAB'INI) NA  NNE

74

MENGO MFUKARE (SAB'INI) NA TSANU

75

MENGO MFUKARE (SAB'INI) NA SITA/NDRADARU

76

MENGO MFUKARE (SAB'INI) NA SABA/MFUKARE

77

MENGO MFUKARE (SAB'INI) NA NANE

78

MENGO MFUKARE (SAB'INI) NA SHENDA

79

MENGO MINANE (THAMANINI)

80

MENGO MINANE (THAMANINI) NA MWEDJA

81

MENGO MINANE (THAMANINI) NA MBILI

82

MENGO MINANE (THAMANINI) NA NDRARU

83

MENGO MINANE (THAMANINI) NA NNE

84

MENGO MINANE (THAMANINI) NA TSANU

85

MENGO MINANE (THAMANINI) NA SITA/NDRADARU

86

MENGO MINANE (THAMANINI) NA SABA/MFUKARE

87

MENGO MINANE (THAMANINI) NA NANE

88

MENGO MINANE (THAMANINI) NA SHENDA

89

MENGO SHENDA

90

MENGO SHENDA NA MWEDJA

91

MENGO SHENDA NA MBILI

92

MENGO SHENDA NA NDRARU

93

MENGO SHENDA NA NNE

94

MENGO SHENDA NA TSANU

95

MENGO SHENDA NA SITA/NDRADARU

96

MENGO SHENDA NA SABA/MFUKARE

97

MENGO SHENDA NA NANE

98

MENGO SHENDA NA SHENDA

99

DJANA(MIA)

100

DJANA(MIA) NA MWEDJA

101

DJANA(MIA) NA MBILI

102

DJANA(MIA) NA NDRARU

103

DJANA(MIA) NA NNE

104

DJANA(MIA) NA TSANU

105

DJANA(MIA) NA SITA/NDRADARU

106

DJANA(MIA) NA SABA/MFUKARE

107

DJANA(MIA) NA NANE

108

DJANA(MIA) NA SHENDA

109

DJANA (MIA) NA KUME

110

DJANA (MIA) NA KUME NA MWEDJA

111

DJANA (MIA) NA KUME NA MBILI

112

DJANA (MIA) NA KUME NA NDRARU

113

DJANA (MIA) NA KUME NA NNE

114

DJANA (MIA) NA KUME NA TSANU

115

DJANA (MIA) NA KUME NA SITA/NDRADARU

116

DJANA (MIA) NA KUME NA SABA/MFUKARE

117

DJANA (MIA) NA KUME NA NANE

118

DJANA (MIA) NA KUME NA SHENDA

119

DJANA (MIA) WA ISHIRINI

120

DJANA (MIA) WA ISHIRINI NA MWEDJA

121

DJANA (MIA) WA ISHIRINI NA MBILI

122

DJANA (MIA) WA ISHIRINI NA NANE

128

DJANA (MIA) WA ISHIRINI NA SHENDA

129

DJANA (MIA)  WA THALATHINI (MENGOMIRARU)

130

DJANA (MIA)  NA THALATHINI (MENGOMIRARU) NA MWEDJA

131

DJANA (MIA)  NA THALATHINI (MENGOMIRARU) NA SHENDA

139

DJANA (MIA)  NA ARBAINI (MENGOMINE)

140

DJANA (MIA)  WA ARBAINI (MENGOMINE) NA SHENDA

149

DJANA (MIA)  WA KHAMSINI (MENGOMITSANU)

150

DJANA (MIA)  WA SITINI (MENGOMIRANDARU)

160

DJANA (MIA)  WA SAB'INI ()

170

DJANA (MIA)  WA THAMANINI()

180

DJANA (MIA)  WA TIS'INI()

190

MADJANA MAILI / MIA MBILI

200

MADJANA  MARARU / MIA NDRARU

300

MADJANA MANE /MIA NE

400

MADJANA MATSANU/MIA NTSANU

500

MADJANA MARANDARU/MIA NDRADARU

600

MADJANA MANANE/MIA NANE

700

MADJANA SHENDA/MIA SHENDA

800

SHIHWI/ALFU

900

SHIHWI (ALFU) NA MWEDJA

1 001

SHIHWI (ALFU) NA KUME

1 010

SHIHWI (ALFU) NA ISHIRINI NA SHENDA

1 029

ZIHWI ZILI /ALFU MBILI

2 000

ZIHWI ZIRARU/ALFU NDRARU

3 000

ZIHWI ZINE/ALFU NE

4 000

ZIHWI ZITSANU / ALFU NTSANU

5 000

ZIHWI SITA / ALFU SITA

6 000

ZIHWI MFUKARE / ALFU MFUKARE

7 000

ZIHUI ZINANE / ALFU NANE

8 000

ZIHWI SHENDA / ALFU SHENDA

9 000

ZIHWI SHENDA NA MADJANA SHENDA NA MENGO SHENDA NA SHENDA / ALFU SHENDA NA MIA SHENDA NA TIS'INI NA SHENDA

 

9 999

 

ZIHWI KUME

10 000

ZIHWI ISHIRINI / LAKI

20 000

ZIHWI MENGO MIRARU / LAKI WANUSU

30 000

ZIHWI MENGO MINE / ZIHWI ARBAINI / LAKI MBILI

40 000

ZIHWI MENGO MITSANU / ZIHWI HAMSINI

50 000

ZIHWI MENGO MIRANDARU / ZIHWI SITINI

60 000

ZIHWI MENGO MFUKARE / ZIHWI SAB'INI

70 000

ZIHWI MENGO MINANE / ZIHWI THAMANINI

80 000

ZIHWI MENGO SHENDA / ZIHWI TISINI

90 000

ZIHWI DJANA

100 000

ZIHWI MADJANA MAILI

200 000

ZIHWI MADJANA MATSANU

500 000

ZIHWI MADJANA SHENDA

900 000

MILIONI / ZIHWI MADJANA MAYILI

1 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FRACTIONS, DECIMALS AND PERCENTAGES

 

FRACTIONS

 

NUSU

 HALF (1/2)

ROBOO

QUARTER (1/4)

THUMUNI

ONE EIGTH  (1/8)

SEHEMU YA RARU

ONE THIRD (1/3)

SEHEMU YA SITA

ONE SISTH (1/6)

 

 

 

 

DECIMALS:

 

2.01MBILI NUKTWA HATAT NDZIMA

            30.60 = THALATHINI NUKTWA SITINI

 

3)PERCENTAGES

           

NDZIMA HARUMWA DJANA                                           = 1 %

KUME HARUMWA DJANA                                               = 10 %

ISHIRINI HARUMWA DJANA                                           = 20 %

MENGO MITSANU NA NTSANU HARUMWA DJANA = 55 %

MENGO SHENDA NA SHENDA HARUMWA DJANA    = 99 %

DJANA HARUMWA DJANA                                              = 100 %

 

 

A)    ORDINAL NUMBERS

 

YA MWANDO / YA HANDA

FIRST

YA PVILI

SECOND

YA RARU

THIRD

YA NNE

FOURTH

YA NTSANU

FIFTH

YA SITA / YA NDRADARU

SIXTH

YA SABA / YA FUKARI

SEVENTH

YA NANE

EIGHTH

YA SHENDA

NINTH

YA KUME

TENTH

YA KUME NA MWEDJA

ELEVENTH

YA KUME NA MBILI

TWELVETH

YA KUME NA SHENDA

NINETEENTH

YA ISHIRINI

TWETIETH

YA THALATHINI

FORTIETH

YA TISINI

NINETIETH

YA MIA / YA DJANA

HUNDREDTH

 

"YA" is not the only preposition used with the ordinal numbers; there are others which are used accordingly to the nature of the noun used.

 

Examples:

            Hadisi "ya" mwando = the first story

            Shatri "la" pvili = the second shirt

            Yitranda "sha"  sita = the sixth bed

            Mhono "wa" pvili = the second hand

           

ARITHMETICS

 

The signs

+          Hudjumlisa (to combine) / hwendjeza (to add)

 

-          Hupvunguza (to substract )

 

X         Huzidisha (to multiply)

 

          Hwanyisa (to divide)

 

 

 

 

TIME, DAYS AND DIRECTIONS

 

TIME AND DATES

 

Time and dates terminologies

 

SINGULAR

PLURAL

MEANING

SEGONDI

SEGONDI

SECOND / SECONDS

DAKIKA

DAKIKA

MINUTE / MINUTES

SAA

SAA

HOUR / HOURS

USIKU

NTSIHU

DAY / DAYS

MTSANA

MITSANA

DAYTIME / DAYTIMES

ASUBUHI

ASUBUHI

MORNING

MASIHU

MASIHU

NIGHT/ NIGHTS

DJIO

MADJIO

AFTERNOON / AFTERNOONS

MAHARIBI

MAHARIBI

SUNSET

ALFADJIRI

ALFADJIRI

DAWN

MFUMO

MIFUMO

WEEK / WEEKS

MWEZI

MEZI

MONTH / MONTHS

MWAHA

MAHA

YEAR / YEARS

KARNI

KARNI

CENTURY / CENTURIES

WAKATI

NYAKATI

SEASON

ASIHAZI

 

NORTHERN WIND

KUSI

 

SOUTHERN WIND

MBENI

 

DRY SEASON

UPEPO

UPEPO

WIND

MGUGUMA

MIGUGUMA

STORM / STORMS

RAANDU

RAANDU

FIRE-STORMS

YIDJUNDU

YIDJUNDU

CYCLONE / CYCLONES

BINGU

MAYINGU

SKY/SKIES/CLOUD/CLOUDS

MVUA

MVUA

RAIN

LEO

 

TODAY

DJANA

 

YESTERDAY

JUZI

 

DAY BEFORE YESTERDAY

MAUDU

 

TOMORROW

USHAO

 

DAY AFTER TOMORROW

 

            Telling the time

The comorians have a particular way of telling the time; it begins at 7:00 AM and they call it "one in the morning" as it is the beginning of the morning; 7:00 PM begins with the night and is considered as one in the evening.   In short, the night begins at 7:00 PM and end at 6:00 AM, then the day begins at 7:00 AM and end at 6:00 PM.

           

NGASI SAA NGA ? = What time is it ?

 

            NGASI SAA KUME NA MBILI ZA TRASI = It is  6:00 AM  (litt: Twelve in the morning)

           

 NGASI SAA HANDA ZA TRASI = It is  7:00 AM  (litt: one in the morning)

 

NGASI SAA PVILI ZA TRASI   = It is  8:00 AM  (litt: two in the morning)

 

NGASI SAA RARU ZA TRASI  = It is  9:00 AM  (litt: three in the morning)

 

NGASI SAA NNE ZA TRASI  = It is  10:00 AM  (litt: four in the morning)

 

NGASI SAA TSANU ZA TRASI = It is  11:00 AM  (litt: five in the morning)

 

NGASI SAA SITA ZA MTSANA  = It is  12:00 PM  (litt: six in midday)

 

NGASI SAA FUKARI ZA DJIO  = It is  1:00 PM  (litt: seven in the afternoon)

 

NGASI SAA NANE ZA DJIO = It is  2:00 PM  (litt: eight in the afternoon)

 

NGASI SAA SHENDA ZA DJIO = It is  3:00 PM  (litt: nine in the afternoon)

 

NGASI SAA KUME ZA DJIO = It is  4:00 PM  (litt: ten in the afternoon)

 

NGASI SAA KUME NA MWEDJA ZA DJIO = It is  5:00 PM  (litt: eleven in the afternoon)

 

            NGASI SAA KUME NA MBILI ZA DJIO  = It is  6:00 PM  (litt: twelve in the afternoon)

 

            NGASI SAA HANDA ZA MASIHU  = It is  7:00 PM  (litt: one in the night )

 

            NGASI SAA PVILI ZA MASIHU  = It is  8:00 PM  (litt: two in the night )

 

            Division of the time

           

            - 8:05   SAA PVILI NA DAKIKA NTSANU

 

            - 9:20   SAA RARU NA DAKIKA ISHIRINI

 

            - 12:00            SAA SITA  KAMILI

 

            - 12:15 SAA SITA WA ROBO / SAA SITA NA DAKIKA KUME NA NTSANU

 

            - 12:30 SAA SITA WA NUSU / SAA SITA NA DAKIKA MENGO MIRARU

 

            - 12:45            SAA FUKARE YAPVUNGUHA ROBO / SAA SITA NA DAKIKA MENGO MINE NA NTSANU

 

 

 

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